Education plays a very important role in each person’s life. A person having well-education along with suitable practical knowledge can only be able to sustain in the market. In the last three years, Government of India is introducing new plans and schemes for all the citizens, instead of focusing on the Education sector. The main reason why Indian engineering education is in Danger is due to the quality of education.
The state of India’s poor Engineering education is known to the whole world. Apart from IITs and some other reputed institutions, most of the engineering colleges don’t provide education which is helpful for students to get proper jobs.
The root cause of the issue is the growing of low-quality engineering colleges every year. Various students from all these colleges fail to get proper jobs, hence college face decline in enrollment. Due to this, a huge number of engineering colleges are closing every year.
In 2018, there will be 80,000 less seats in the Engineering Sector, which counts to 3.1 lakh less seats in four years. As per All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE), about 200 low-grade engineering colleges have applied for the close. From the last two years, the number of engineering seats is decreasing. In the year 2016-17, only 50.1% of engineering seats were filled.
As admissions are decreasing every year, AICTE wants to close down nearly 800 engineering colleges in the country. Every year, 150 engineering college’s shutdown voluntarily due to strict AICTE rules. As per the laws of AICTE, colleges which have low infrastructure and are getting less than 30% admission for the 5 successive years have to be closed down. About 410 colleges have been closed by AICTE in the last 4 years.
What actions were taken by Government to improve Education?
In 2003, the government made a committee in order to find loopholes in Indian engineering education. The UR Rao Committee found that the technical education is growing at a faster rate and it will not be sustained in the long run as there wasn’t much demand as the supply.
Committee stated that a 5-year suspension on approvals for UG technical colleges where student intake is more as compared with demand. But, the decision was never followed. About 30% more students were enrolled in 2008-09 which is the highest jump after 2001. Also, about 700 colleges were approved in the year. In 2016-17, half of the engineering seats were vacant in around 3,291 colleges.
From the above figures, Indian Engineering Education is in Danger. According to some studies, there is low employability of engineering institutions expect from some reputed institutions.